Bladder bacterial infection often causes inflammation of the bladder called cystitis. It is possible to catch a bladder infection if the bacteria which usually lives on the perineum (the area between the vagina/penis and rectum) gets into urethra and goes right into the bladder. However, the bladder can fight the bacteria, for example, by flushing it out through urine. But sometimes the body can’t fight germs and they cause an infection.
You may ask: how common is bladder infection? The answer is, bladder infection is the most common urinary tract infection (UTI), especially in women. 60% of women will get a bladder infection at least once in their life and approximately 30% of them will have a recurring form of it. Men are less prone to bladder infections; this is because when a person has a longer urethra, bacteria are most likely to die on the way to the bladder.
Some people experience frequent episodes of bladder infection and may need regular or long-term treatment. It is advised to be extra attentive to your health if you have chronic bladder infection as it may lead to a more serious kidney infection in some cases, so it’s important to seek professional advice if your symptoms don’t improve.