What is anemia? Understanding symptoms, causes, diagnostics, treatment and management.
Anemia happens when your body does not have enough red blood cells (erythrocytes) or hemoglobin. It is the most common blood condition and affects one in four people in the world.
Erythrocytes transport oxygen to your organs and tissues. Hemoglobin protein bounds with oxygen molecules and carries them through your body. Oxygen plays a key role in metabolism as it helps cells get energy from food. If there is little oxygen, your organs simply do not have enough strength to work properly.
Anemia can be revealed by having a complete blood count, you can notice it by a reduced level of hemoglobin (a key protein that is part of red blood cells) in your test results. Children, women (especially pregnant women) and the elderly suffer the most from anemia. But young men are also not immune from it and the serious problems associated with it.