What is Atherosclerosis?

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Blood flows through the arteries and transports oxygen and nutrients to the organs. Over time the walls of the arteries become clogged due to gradual plaque buildup. This can lead to the hardening and thickening of the arteries, leading to cardiovascular disease.

This buildup occurs naturally and is not dangerous in moderate amounts. In fact, most people have somewhat clogged arteries by their forties.

Patients with atherosclerosis often show no symptoms until at least half the diameter of the artery is clogged.

The actual number of people suffering from atherosclerosis is unknown, but its impact on the population can be assessed by the role it plays in many cardiovascular pathologies. In fact, it is a condition that affects the whole body, so extensive and thorough examination and care of the patient will be necessary. Dealing with atherosclerosis involves drug and surgical treatments as well as lifestyle changes. Without treatment, the danger of this condition increases. Cardiovascular diseases remain the leading cause of death worldwide, so atherosclerosis remains a real public health issue.

This article will explain this condition, it’s risk factors, consequences, prevention and treatment measures.

Atherosclerosis. Computer artwork of a narrowed artery, due to a cholesterol plaque.

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